Wednesday, 27 April 2016

PROPOSED DRAFT OF PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION TO REVERSE THE FRAUD PLAYED ON THE CONSTITUTION BY ARYAN SUPREMACIST/RACEIST/ SATANIC/THEOSOPHIST INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS AND ALLIED FORCES


PROPOSED DRAFT
OF PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION TO REVERSE THE FRAUD PLAYED ON THE CONSTITUTION BY ARYAN SUPREMACIST/RACEIST/ SATANIC/THEOSOPHIST INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS AND ALLIED FORCES
edit 1: 27/4/16
edit 2: 28/4/16


Question of Law: 
1. Can any Law stand which was made by Theosophist believers (in Lucifer/Satan) and Congress followers, with a firm belief in the tenets of the Theosophism; and continue to be the basis of  Violation of Fundamental Rights of the Depressed Classes, who are not "real Hindus", but Outcastes from the body of Hinduism?

2. Is Untouchability eradicated by Wrongly classifying the Outcastes as Hindus?


IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

PUBLIC INTEREST PETITION NO.              OF   2013         



IN THE MATTER OF



Savio Pereira



                                                                                      .....Petitioner





          VERSUS



1.       Union of India represented by

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Room. No. 439, 'A', Wing, Shastri Bhawan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,

New Delhi - 110001



2.       Chairman, Standing Committee for The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Room. No. 439, 'A', Wing, Shastri Bhawan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi - 110001



3.       The Registrar General of India (RGI),

Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India,  2/A, Man Singh Road, New Delhi -110011



4.       Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, Lok Nayak Bhawan, Khan Market, New Delhi - 110003

...Respondents



PUBLIC INTEREST PETITION UNDER ARTICLES 32 368 AND 341 (2) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA FOR THE ISSUANCE OF WRIT, ORDER OR DIRECTION IN NATURE OF MANDAMUS OR ANY OTHER APPROPRIATE WRIT, ORDER OR DIRECTIONS FOR MAKING FURTHER MODIFICATIONS IN THE LIST OF SCHEDULED CASTES AND NECESSARY AMENDMENTS IN THE CONSTITUTION (SCHEDULED CASTES) ORDER 1950 TO MAKE THE SCHEDULED CASTES RELIGION-NEUTRAL, WHICH IS AN ATTACK ON THE BASIC SECULAR STRUCTURE OF THE CONSTITUTION AND HAS BEEN OBTAINED BY FRAUD BY AN ELABORATE CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY BETWEEN THEOSOPHIST/ARYAN SUPREMACIST LEADERS INCLUDING K M MUNSHI, C DAS, VALLABHAI PATIL AND MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI, JAWAHARLAL NEHRU AND OTHERS FROM VARIOUS POLITICAL PARTIES INCLUDING INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS



To

Hon'ble The Chief Justice of India and His Lordship's Companion

Justices of the Supreme Court of India.



The Humble petition of the Petitioner above named.



MOST RESPECTFULLY SHEWETH :



1.       Facts of the case

          The Communities in India have been classified as Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Tribals, Animists, Aborigines, Untouchables, Parsis, Theosophists, etc.

The Untouchables (known as Dalits) are a distinct ethnic minority which are outside the body of Hinduism, by act of being made outcastes about by society by Manusmriti.

The Untouchables are the Original Dravidians who are distinct from the Indo-Aryan invading races.

The Untouchables were subject to social apartheid by ancient Vedic Hindu society and thereafter by Indian society.

The Untouchables were identified as a distinct ethnic minority and distinct from “real Hindus” and termed as Depressed Classes in the Census 1910.

The Indian society was plagued by a Satanic Aryan Supremacist cult known as the Theosophists or the Theosophical Society, who believed in the supremacy of Satan (Lucifer) as the First Intelligent Being; and God as the opposite element.

The Theosophical Society started offices in Mumbai, Lahore, and Madras; and started the Indian National Congress with members/co-religionists.

The Theosophical Society had adherents from the Indian National Congress including Annie Besant, Mohandas K Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru.

The Theosophical Society then influenced the founding of an elaborate network of Hindutva organizations including Arya Samaj (Dayanand Saraswathi, Madame Blatavsky) Hindu Mahasabha (Lala Rajpat Rai, Madan Mohan Malaviya) and other Hindutva organizations.

These Hindutva organizations are a fascist group of organizations meant to fulfil the aggressive Satanic forces.    



2.       Question(s) of Law:

i. Whether the provisions of the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) order 1950 is against the Basic structure of the Constitution which are contained in the Preamble –to secure justice

ii. Whether Dalits are real Hindus?

iii. Whether Civil rights of Dalits, Scheduled Tribes, Aborigines can be linked with religious persuasion?

iv. Whether the Union of India is discriminating the Dalits based on an elanorate fraud played on the Constitution of India, by individuals with belief in Theosophy?



3.       Grounds: This writ petitions call in question the constitutional validity of the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) Order, 1950 inter alia, on the ground that Communal forces have played fraud on the Constitution of India, and that it violates the basic structure and          essential features of the Constitution of India and is, therefore, outside the scope and ambit of constituent powers of the      Parliament to amend the Constitution as provided under Article 368 of        the Constitution.  In addition, certain directions or suitable orders are sought for



4.       Averments



2.       The Present Writ petition has been filed by the Petitioner who humbly requests permission from the Hon’ble Court to appear as Party-In-Person. The petitioner is aware of the GROSS INJUSTICES being subjected to the Scheduled Castes for more than 3500 years in India.  The Petitioner is a person of modest means and hence requests permission to be allowed to appear as Party-in-Person.

The Petitioner is Indian Citizen who has a common interest in Public good. The Petitioner prays that he be allowed as Party-in-Person Petitioner.



3.       The present Public Interest Litigation petition has been filed under Article 32 368 and 341 (2) Of The Constitution Of India For The Issuance Of Writ, Order Or Direction In Nature Of Mandamus Or Any Other Appropriate Writ, Order Or Directions For Making Further Modifications In The List Of Scheduled Castes And Necessary Amendments In The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950 To Make The Scheduled Castes Religion-Neutral, Which Is An Attack On The Basic Secular Structure Of The Constitution.



4.       Particulars of the cause/order for which the petition is filed: That the following questions of public importance are being raised in the present Public Interest Petition (PIL):- There are Contrary and Illegal provisions in the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) Order 1950 which has been obtained by force and fraud by a wide criminal conspiracy hatched by biased upper-caste, communal elements namely Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, C Das, K M Munshi. Madan Mohan Malaviya, B S Moonje and others.  All these members have held dual membership/support of communal organizations like RSS, etc. These contrary provisions are an attack on the basic structure of the Constitution of India which is contained in the Preamble of the Constitution of India.



5.       That the present petition is being filed against Government of India represented by The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Chairman, Standing Committee for The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, The Registrar General of India (RGI), National Commission for Scheduled Castes to make the appropriate amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Act 1950 to make it religion-neutral.



6.       The Scheduled Castes are an ethnic (not religious) minority, who are a distinct minority which has been separated from the body of Hinduism for more than 3500 years by societal acts of ex-communication and discrimination.



7.       The Manusmriti has been written by the invading Aryans from Central Asia (including Iran) around 1500 B C E and the indigenous Dravidians have been ex-communicated from the organized body of society being organized by the Aryans.



8.       The ex-communication of the ethnic Dravidian minorities by Manusmriti, has been causing recurrent/successive offences to the Dravidian ethnic minorities for more than 3500 years.



9.       The ethnic minorities known now as Scheduled Castes have the right to choose and the right to convert to religion of their choice, since the Manusmriti is still being propagated as the foundation of Hinduism.



10.     The Scheduled Caste being made religion-specific is an Act of the State now taking over the similar acts of ex-communication and discrimination against the body of Dalits based on their personal choices.



11.     The change of religion does not change their Social, Economic and Educational status and they also suffer the same social, economic disabilities on par with their counterparts in other religions. While the privileges of statutory benefits, reservation in education and employment have been extended to Dalits in other religions, the Government has denied the same privileges to Muslim and Christian Dalits. It is a gross violation of the Indian Constitution's article 14, 15, 16, 25 and Art.18 of the universal declaration of Human Rights (UNO). Article 18.



12.     Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.



13.     The Petitioner is an Indian citizen with a promise of giving liberty, equality and fraternity given by the Union of India.



14.     This Writ petition calls in question the constitutional validity of the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) Order, 1950 inter alia, on the ground that it violates the basic structure and essential features of the Constitution of India and was, therefore, outside the scope and ambit of constituent powers of the Parliament to amend the Constitution as provided under Article 368 of the Constitution.  In addition, certain directions or suitable orders are sought for permitting the Petitioner to submit a detailed proposal to make the appropriate amendments in the Scheduled Caste Act.



15.     That the Respondent(s) is/are an instrumentality of the State, hence “State” within the meaning of Article 12 of the Constitution of India.



16.     That the brief facts leading to the rise of the present case are enumerated hereunder.



17.     The Government of India passed the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950 in 1950.



18.     There were contrary provisions in the said State Act which has continued to divide the ethnic minorities known as Scheduled Castes  on religious lines.



19.     The above-mentioned dubious provisions of the said Act is based on attempts made by certain Aryan supremacist leaders who were active from 1930 to 1950.



20.     It is humbly submitted that the people of India are made up of various races and ethnicities including invading Aryans (from Persia/Iran and Central Asia), Dravidians, Negroid and other indigenous tribes and castes.



21.     It is humbly submitted that India is a secular country, where all Citizens have equal rights irrespective of their religious beliefs.



22.     It is humbly submitted that Codified Hinduism was based on being included in the Chaturvarna (Four-caste) system since at least 1500 BCE i.e. 3500 years.



23.     It is humbly submitted that the codified Hindu society EXCLUDED certain groups of peoples and branded them OUTCASTES and UNTOUCHABLES, and ex-communicated them from the Body of Hinduism based on the teachings of Bhrigu codified in the Manusmriti (Laws of Manu).



24.     It is humbly submitted that the group of peoples known as OUTCASTES and UNTOUCHABLES thereafter were forced to take decisions like Migration to other countries along the SILK ROUTE, and converting to other religions like tribal religions, Christianity and Islam across the centuries.



25.     It is humbly submitted that the OUTCASTES/UNTOUCHABLES/DALITS are an ethnic minority which has been subjected to discrimination by believers in Aryan supremacy across the centuries, who believe deeply in the Caste system.



26.     It is humbly submitted that the UNTOUCHABLES were identified by the British ruling over India as a DISTINCT MINORITY needing protection under affirmative action and were known since 1890s as Outcastes, Depressed Classed, and finally as Scheduled Castes in 1935.



27.     It is humbly submitted that the Scheduled Castes were not classified by the British Government based on their religious beliefs till 1936.



28.     It is humbly submitted that the British Government made a plan to withdraw from the Indian sub-continent from 1918 onwards and planned to formulate a Constitution for India, which would also include safeguards for minorities including Sikhs, Parsis, Indian Christian, Muslims, and Scheduled Castes.



29.     It is humbly submitted that Dr B R Ambedkar as leader of the Scheduled Castes gave various proposals for empowering the Scheduled Castes from 1920 onwards, which were strongly opposed by an Aryan supremacist leader named Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.



30.     It is humbly submitted that for reasons mentioned below, it is shown that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patil, K M Munshi and C Das were upper caste Hindus who believe in the Aryan supremacy theory propounded by Bhrigu in Manusmriti (Laws of Manu).



31.     It is humbly submitted that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in his thirst for fame, strongly opposed giving political power to the minorities including the Muslims and Scheduled Castes from 1930 onwards, and was the most important person who led to the partition of India.



32.     It is humbly submitted that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi strongly opposed the proposals of Dr B R Ambedkar in giving political power to the Scheduled Castes before Independence of India.



33.     It is humbly submitted that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was assassinated by another Aryan supremacist leader named Godse who was a member of the RSS and Abhinav Bharat led by V D Savarkar.



34.     It is humbly submitted that an Aryan Supremacy group with strong ties with the fascist leader Mussolini was started by Moonje, which is now the Bharatiya Janata Party.



35.     It is humbly submitted that Article 18 prohibits conferment of titles except military or academic distinctions. The Supreme Court of India held in Balaji Raghavan V Union of India (1996) 1 SCC 361 that what are prohibited by Art. 18 are heriditary titles of nobility and use of titles as prefixes or suffixes to the names of the holders.

It was again proposed in 1971 by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi and was successfully passed as the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of India in 1971. Indira Gandhi argued the case for abolition based on equal rights for all citizens and the need to reduce the government's revenue deficit.



36.     It is humbly submitted that since Article 18 prohibits conferment of titles except military or academic distinctions, it is illegal for political leaders to be prefixing or suffixing titles glorifying themselves with casteeist titles including the following:

a.       A certain late Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has illegally claimed the title of “Father of the nation” and “Mahatma Gandhi”. In my humble opinion, the right to equality for all citizens is in question.

b.       A certain late Vallabhbhai Patel is similarly claiming the casteeist title of “Sardar Vallabhai Patil” and “Iron Man of India”.

c.       A certain late Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru is illegally claiming the casteeist title of  “Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru”.

d.       A certain late Mr. K M Munshi is illegally claiming the casteeist title of “Kulapati Dr K M Munshi”. Kulapati is a Sanskrit word for headperson of a lineage.



37.     It is humbly submitted that the existence of a distinct minority group of Dalits existed since 3500 years who were known with various names including Untouchables, Oppressed Classes, Depressed classes, Chantals, and in modern times Scheduled Castes.



38.     It is humbly submitted that the Manusmriti (authored by a certain late Brigu) which was written circa 1500 BCE has separated the Hindus into four distinct Castes (Varnas) and excluded and separated UNTOUCHABLES from the body of Hinduism and humanity.



39.     It is humbly submitted that the DEPRESSED CLASSES who were called OUTCASTES or UNTOUCHABLES used their freedom of choice for 3500 years and chose other religions including Islam and Christianity to break away from the shackles of being OUTCASTES.



40.     It is humbly submitted that certain members of the OUTCASTES went to the extent of escaping from India and migrated to various countries and are since called Gypsies, Roma, etc.      



41.     It is humbly submitted that the Scheduled Castes are a “Distinct ethnic minority group” which has been under the yoke of oppression and is constituted by persons professing various religions including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Christianity, Islam.



42.     Adopted by consensus in 1992, the United Nations Minorities Declaration in its article 1 refers to minorities as based on national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity, and provides that States should protect their existence.

A minority is: A group numerically inferior to the rest of the population of a State, in a non-dominant position, whose members - being nationals of the State - possess ethnic, religious or linguistic characteristics differing from those of the rest of the population and show, if only implicitly, a sense of solidarity, directed towards preserving their culture, traditions, religion or language.

Sociologist Louis Wirth defined a minority group as "a group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination."

However, national minority can be defined as a group of people within a given national state:

a.       which is numerically smaller than the rest of population of the state or a part of the state

b.       which is not in a dominant position

c.       which has culture, language, religion, race etc. distinct from that of the majority of the population

d.       whose members have a will to preserve their specificity

e.       whose members are citizens of the state where they have the status of a minority.

f.       which have a long-term presence on the territory where it has lived.

43.     Scheduled Castes are ethnic minorities who have been rendered outcastes by Social discrimination based on exclusion from the chaturvarna Caste system in India, and have existed since 3500 years.



44.     It is humbly submitted that the principles of Manusmriti (Laws of Manu) are contradictory to the principles of rights of the Scheduled Castes.



45.     It is humbly submitted that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, C Das and K M Munshi were ardent followers of the Laws of Manu (Manusmriti) and strong believers in the Chaturvana caste system.



46.     It is humbly submitted that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patil, C Das and K M Munshi were biased, and communal upper- caste Hindu persons influenced by the Satanic Theosophist religion.



47.     It is humbly submitted that the attempt by M K Gandhi, Patil C Das, B S Moonje, Hegdewar, and K Munshi to author the “Rights of the Scheduled Castes” is like the Devil authoring God’s Bible.





That the present petitioner has not filed any other petition in any High Court or the Supreme Court of India on the subject matter of the present petition.



PRAYER



In the above premises, it is prayed that this Hon'ble Court may be pleased:



(i)      .............



(ii)     to pass such other orders and further orders as may be deemed necessary on the facts and in the circumstances of the case.



FOR WHICH ACT OF KINDNESS, THE PETITIONER SHALL AS INDUTY BOUND, EVER PRAY.



FILED BY:



PETITIONER-IN-PERSON

DRAWN:

FILED ON:




IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

CIVIL WRIT PETITION NO. OF 2005





(Name of the petitioner)                                                  .....Petitioner



Versus



(Name of the respondent(s)                                             ......Respondent











P A P E R - B O O K

FOR INDEX KINDLY SEE INSIDE









FILED BY:



(ADVOCATE FOR THE PETITIONER/

PETITIONER-IN-PERSON)



Filed on:








I N D E X

_____________________________________________________________

Sl. No.                  PARTICULARS                                         PAGES

_____________________________________________________________

1.       Synopsis and List of Dates



2.       Writ Petition alongwith Affidavit in support.



3.       Annexures



4.       Application if any




          Important note:-



(i)      Affidavit of the petitioner duly sworn.



(ii)     Annexures as referred to in the Writ Petitioner, Rs.2/- per annexure.



(iii)    1+5 copies of the Writ Petition are required.



(iv)    Court fee of Rs.50/- per petitioner (In Crl. Matter no court fee is (payable)



(v)     Index  of papers



(vi)    Cover page



(vii)   Any application to be filed, Rs.12/- per application



(viii)  Memo of appearance, Rs.5/- Court fee.



(ix)    Synopsis and list of dates to be filed alongwith





SYNOPSIS

I.                   Important Dates and Events

S. No
Date
Synopsis of Events
1.            
3300-1300 BCE
The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization, after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India, and now is Pakistan.
The Harappan language is not directly attested and its affiliation is uncertain since the Indus script is still undeciphered. A relationship with the Dravidian or Elamo-Dravidian language family is favored by a section of scholars.
The Indus Valley Civilization encompassed most of Pakistan and parts of northwestern India, Afghanistan and Iran, extending from Balochistan in the west to Uttar Pradesh in the east, northeastern Afghanistan to the north and Maharashtra to the south.
Around 1800 BCE, signs of a gradual decline began to emerge, and by around 1700 BCE, most of the cities were abandoned. The decline of the Indus Civilization was caused by the invasion of an Indo-European tribe from Central Asia called the "Aryans".
The IVC has been tentatively identified with the toponym Meluhha known from Sumerian records. It has been compared in particular with the civilizations of Elam (also in the context of the Elamo-Dravidian hypothesis) and with Minoan Crete (because of isolated cultural parallels such as the ubiquitous goddess worship and depictions of bull-leaping). The mature (Harappan) phase of the IVC is contemporary to the Early to Middle Bronze Age in the Ancient Near East, in particular the Old Elamite period, Early Dynastic to Ur III Mesopotamia, Prepalatial Minoan Crete and Old Kingdom to First Intermediate Period Egypt.
After the discovery of the IVC in the 1920s, it was immediately associated with the indigenous Dasyu inimical to the Rigvedic tribes in numerous hymns of the Rigveda.
The bearers of the IVC corresponded to proto-Dravidians linguistically, the breakup of proto-Dravidian corresponding to the breakup of the Late Harappan culture. Today, the Dravidian language family is concentrated mostly in southern India and northern and eastern Sri Lanka, but pockets of it still remain throughout the rest of India and Pakistan (the Brahui language), which lends credence to the theory.
2.            
1800-1700 BCE
Signs of a gradual decline began to emerge in proto-Dravidian family in Harappan Civilization
3.            

The indigenous Dasyu tribe who are the enemies of the early Aryans as mentioned in the Rigvedas
4.            

The Aryan Gods Indra (Inder in Persia), Asura (Assyrian) are Gods imported from Iran by the invading Aryan Army
5.            
1500 BCE
Manusmriti written by Brigu.* 3. Dharma of the Four Social Classes (2.25-11.266)
In his book “Revolution and Counter-Revolution in India”, B. R. Ambedkar asserted that Manu Smriti was written by a sage named Brigu during the times of Pushyamitra of Sangha in connection with social pressures caused by the rise of Buddhism.
6.            

Varna *
Dalits aren't one caste but historically were different groups that were not members of the four castes or chaturvarna system.
The “Scheduled Castes” is the legal and constitutional name collectively given to the groups which have traditionally occupied the lowest status in Indian society and the Hindu religion which provides the religious and ideological basis for an “untouchable” group, which was outside the caste system and inferior to all other castes.
7.            
1500 BCE
The Scheduled Castes included distinct groups of persons who were not included in the Chaturvarna caste system namely Kandalas/Chandalas and some who were ex-communicated and rendered Outcastes from within the system. Hence, The Scheduled Castes are clearly distinct Ethnic minorities in India, who have been separated from the body of Hinduism for 3500 years.
Manusmriti:The Laws of Manu. Chapter 1.
31. But for the sake of the prosperity of the worlds he caused the Brahmana, the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, and the Sudra to proceed from his mouth, his arms, his thighs, and his feet. 58. But he having composed these Institutes (of the sacred law) himself taught them, according to the rule, to me alone in the beginning; next I (taught them) to Marikai and the other sages.59. Bhrigu, here, will fully recite to you these Institutes, for that sage learned the whole in its entirety from me. 87. But in order to protect this universe He, the most resplendent one, assigned separate (duties and) occupations to those who sprang from his mouth, arms, thighs and feet. 91. One occupation only the lord prescribed to the Sudra, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes. 92. Man is stated to be purer above the navel (than below); hence the Self-existent (Svayambhu) has declared the purest (part) of him (to be) his mouth. 93. As the Brahmana sprang from (Brahman's) mouth, as he was the first-born, and as he possesses the Veda, he is by right the lord of this whole creation.107. In this (work) the sacred law has been fully state as the good and bad qualities of (human) actions and the immemorial rule of conduct, (to be followed) by all the four castes (varna).
Chapter 2.
39. After those (periods men of) these three (castes), who have not received the sacrament at the proper time, become Vratyas  (outcastes), excluded from the Savitri (initiation) and despised by the Aryans.
79. Let him not stay with outcasts, nor with Kandalas, nor with Pukkasas, nor with fools, nor with over-bearing men, nor with low-caste men, nor with Antyavasayins.
8.            
563 BCE
Kapilavastu or Lumbini, in Nepal, is the birthplace of Gauthama Buddha.
9.            
52 A.D.
Christianity has flourished in coastal South India from the times of St. Thomas the Apostle who came to Kerala in 52 AD and established the Syrian Christian tradition today called as Saint Thomas Christians or Nasranis
10.       
15/04/1469
Guru Nanak is the founder of the religion of Sikhism and was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, in Pakistan.
11.       
04/07/1776
The Declaration of Independence. The spirit of liberty is not associated with any individual. “Liberty statue”. Liberty, in the words of the Learned Hand, resides in the hearts of men and women in whose hearts rests the spirit of unity.
12.       
1833
Government of India Act, 1833
13.       
1853
the Government of India Act, 1853
14.       
1867
The Goa Civil Code, also called the Goa Family Law, is the set of civil laws that governs the residents of the Indian state of Goa.
In India, as a whole, there are religion-specific civil codes that separately govern adherents of different religions. Goa is an exception to that rule, in that a single code governs all Goans, irrespective of religion, ethnicity or linguistic affiliation.
The Goa civil code is largely based on the Portuguese civil code (Código Civil Português) of 1867] with some modifications based on the Portuguese Decrees on Marriage and Divorce of 1910, the Portuguese Decrees on Canonical Marriages of 1946, and the Portuguese Gentile Hindu Usages Decrees of 1880.
Some of the basic provisions of the Portuguese civil code which have survived Portuguese rule are
a)      The first is the concept of absolute equality irrespective of the fact that you are a Christian, Hindu or Muslim.
15.       
1892
Indian Councils Act of 1892
16.       
1906
A racist Mohandas Gandhi opposed the idea that Indians should be treated at the same level as native Africans while in South Africa.
^ The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, Government of India (CWMG), Vol I, p. 150, pp. 244–45, p. 105
Racist Gandhi stated that he believed "that the white race of South Africa should be the predominating race."
17.       
1909
Minto-Morley reforms
Indian Councils Act of 1909
18.       
1919
Montagu Chelmsford reforms
Government of India Act 1919
19.       
1924
Gandhi refused to support the untouchables in 1924–25 when they were campaigning for the right to pray in temples.
Because of Gandhi's actions, Ambedkar described him as "devious and untrustworthy".
20.       
27/12/1924
Mohandas Gandhi Attended Hindu Mahasabha session held in Congress pandal.
21.       
28/10/1925
Dr.Hedgewar founded the Hindu Yuva Club, which later named Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in 1925, on 28th Sep, 1925. The founder members were Dr. B.S. Moonje, Bapuji Soni, Gatate Ji. Dr Paranjape along with Hedgewar. Hedgewar became involved with social work and also with Tilak faction of the Congress Party, through which he developed a close association with Dr Moonje who later became his Mentor of Hindu Philosophy. In the 1920 session of Indian National Congress was held in Nagpur, Dr Hedgewar was appointed as the Deputy Chief of volunteers cader overseeing the whole function. National leaders such as Mohandas K Gandhi and Madan Mohan Malaviya also visited RSS shakas
22.       
1/1/1927
On January 1, 1927, Ambedkar organized a ceremony at the Koregaon Victory Memorial near Pune, which commemorates the defeat of the Peshwa's forces and the inauguration of British rule. The names of Mahar soldiers who fought with the British are inscribed on a marble tablet.
23.       
25/12/1927
Later that year in a Depressed Classes Conference on December 24, Dr B R Ambedkar condemned the ancient Hindu classical text, the Manusmriti (Laws of Manu), for justifying the system of caste discrimination and untouchability. Ambedkar and his supporters caused a public scandal by burning copies of the texts.
24.       
06/1930
The Simon Commission drew up an official list of socially excluded castes and tribes in 1930 called the “Schedule Castes” (SC) and “Schedule Tribes” (ST). “Scheduled” means they are on a government schedule that entitles them to certain protection and affirmative action (or reservations). These castes had historically been treated as despised “untouchables”, considered by the wider society and the Hindu religion as subhuman or worse. They were not defined by any religious label and included a number of castes or sections whose ancestors had converted to various religions, such as Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Sikhism, in search of liberation from the shackles of caste that are sanctioned in Hinduism which, as Ambedkar rightly insisted, was a code designed to consign the Dalits to eternal, religiously sanctioned slavery.
SCs thus included were not just those who were defined as following “Hinduism” (although the very term “Hinduism” was recognised as vague and amorphous and although the Dalits, being despised outcastes, were treated by the “upper” castes as actually outside the caste system and the Hindu religion), but also those classified as following other religions, mostly Christianity and Islam.
25.       
1931
List of Depressed Classes 1931 (Later came to be known as SC in 1936, Harizan in 1930 and Dalit in 1970). Earlier known as Mlechha, Avarna. Exterior Castes, Outcasts
26.       
1931
Before 1932, Gandhi was opposed to allow Untouchables to enter Hindu Temples. To quote his own, words Mr. Gandhi said :—"How is it possible that the Antyajas (Untouchables) should have the right to enter all the existing temples ? As long as the law of caste and ashram has the chief place in Hindu Religion, to say that every Hindu can enter every temple is a thing that is not possible today."
Gandhi Shikahan, Vol. II, p. 132.
27.       
12/11/1930
First Round Table Conference (November 1930 – January 1931). The Round Table Conference was opened officially by King George V on November 12, 1930 at London and chaired by the British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald.
British-Indian Representatives:
Muslims: Aga Khan III (leader of British-Indian delegation), Maulana Mohammad Ali, Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, A. K. Fazlul Huq, Hafiz Hidayat Hussain, Dr. Shafa'at Ahmad Khan, Raja Sher Muhammad Khan of Domeli, A. H. Ghuznavi
Hindus: B. S. Moonje, M. R. Jayakar, Diwan Bahadur Raja Narendra Nath
Liberals: J. N. Basu, Tej Bahadur Sapru, C. Y. Chintamani, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, Chimanlal Harilal Setalvad
Justice Party: Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar, Bhaskarrao Vithojirao Jadhav, Sir A. P. Patro
Depressed Classes: B. R. Ambedkar, Rettamalai Srinivasan
Sikhs: Sardar Ujjal Singh, Sardar Sampuran Singh
Parsis: Phiroze Sethna, Cowasji Jehangir, Homi Mody
Indian Christians: A. T. Pannirselvam
Europeans: Sir Hubert Carr, Sir Oscar de Glanville (Burma), T. F. Gavin Jones, C. E. Wood (Madras)
Anglo-Indians: Henry Gidney
The idea of an All-India Federation was moved to the centre of discussion. All the groups attending the conference supported this concept. The responsibility of the executive to the legislature was discussed, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar demanded a separate electorate for the so-called Untouchables.
The conference started with 6 plenary meetings where delegates put forward their issues. These were followed by discussions on the reports of the sub-committees on Federal Structure, Provincial Constitution, Minorities, Burma, North West Frontier Province, Franchise, Defence, Services and Sindh. These were followed by 2 more plenary meetings and a final concluding session.
28.       
19/03/1931
B.S. Moonje a founder of RSS visited Mussolini to study Fascism. Between February and March 1931, on his return from the Round Table Conference, Moonje made a tour to Europe, which included a long stop–over in Italy. There he visited some important military schools and educational institutions. The highlight of the visit was the meeting with Mussolini. An interesting account of the trip and the meeting is given in Moonje’s diary and takes 13 pages.
The Indian leader was in Rome during March 15 to 24, 1931. On March 19, in Rome, he visited, among others, the Military College, the Central Military School of Physical Education, the Fascist Academy of Physical Education, and, most important, the Balilla and Avanguardisti organisations. These two organisations, which he describes in more that two pages of his diary, were the keystone of the fascist system of indoctrination — rather than education — of the youths. Their structure is strikingly similar to that of the RSS.
Definitely more meaningful is the report of the meeting with Mussolini. On the same day, March 19, 1931 at 3 pm, in Palazzo Venzia, the headquarters of the fascist government, he met the Italian dictator. The meeting is recorded in the diary on March 20…
“I shook hands with him saying that I am Dr Moonje. He knew everything about me and appeared to be closely, following the events of the Indian struggle for freedom… 
“Signor Mussolini asked me if I have visited the University. I said I am interested in the military training of boys and have been visiting the Military Schools of England, France and Germany. I have now come to Italy for the same purpose and I am very grateful to say that the Foreign Office and the War Office have made good arrangements for my visiting these schools. I just saw this morning and afternoon the Balilla and the Fascist Organisations and I was much impressed. Italy needs them for her development and prosperity. I do not see anything objectionable though I have been frequently reading in the newspapers not very friendly criticisms about them and about your Excellency also.
“Signor Mussolini: What is your opinion about them?
“Dr Moonje: Your Excellency, I am much impressed. Every aspiring and growing Nation needs such organisations.
“Signor Mussolini – who appeared very pleased – said – Thanks but yours is an uphill task. However I wish you every success in return.
“Saying this he got up and I also got up to take his leave”.
The description of the Italian journey includes information regarding fascism, its history, the fascist ‘revolution’, etc, and continues for two more pages.
29.       
07/09/1931
Second Round Table Conference (September – December 1931)
The second session opened on September 7, 1931. There were three major differences between the first and second Round Table Conferences. By the second:
Congress Representation — The Gandhi-Irwin Pact opened the way for Congress participation in this conference. Mohandas Gandhi was invited from India and attended as the sole official Congress representative accompanied by Sarojini Naidu and also Madan Mohan Malaviya, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore), S.K. Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam.
British-Indian Representatives: Aga Khan III, B. R. Ambedkar, Henry Gidney, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Madan Mohan Malaviya, B. S. Moonje, A. T. Pannirselvam
Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “minority”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities.
These claims were rejected by the other Indian participants. According to this pact, Gandhi was asked to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) and if he did so the prisoners of the British government would be freed excepting the criminal prisoners, i.e. those who had killed British officials. He returned to India, disappointed with the results and empty-handed.
During the Conference, Gandhi could not reach agreement with the Muslims on Muslim representation and safeguards. At the end of the conference Ramsay MacDonald undertook to produce a Communal Award for minority representation, with the provision that any free agreement between the parties could be substituted for his award.
Gandhi took particular exception to the treatment of untouchables as a minority separate from the rest of the Hindu community.
He clashed with the leader of depressed classes, Dr.B. R. Ambedkar, over this issue: the two eventually resolved the situation with the Poona Pact of 1932.
30.       
16/08/1932
In August 1932 Prime Minister MacDonald and the British Government's Communal Award was issued. In it "the Depressed Classes were granted separate seats in the Provincial Assemblies and the right of double vote under which they were to elect their own representatives and to vote also in the general constituencies....It gave separate electorates to the Muslims, Sikhs, Europeans and Christians" (Dhananjay Keer, Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission; Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1971 [1954], 204).
31.       
20/10/1932
Mohandas K Gandhi began his fast unto death on the 20th September 1932 against the Communal Award, which proposed to give political power to the Scheduled Castes.
32.       
25/10/1932
Poona Pact between Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and B R Ambedkar
33.       
17/11/1932
Third Round Table Conference (November – December 1932). In this conference, Chaudhary Rahmat Ali, a college student, coined the name "Pakistan" (which means "land of pureness") as the name for the Muslim part of partitioned India. From September 1931 until March 1933, under the supervision of Samuel Hoare, the proposed reforms took the form reflected in the Government of India Act 1935.
Participants: British-Indian Representatives: Aga Khan III, B. R. Ambedkar (Depressed Classes), Sir Hubert Carr (Europeans), Henry Gidney (Anglo-Indians), M. R. Jayakar
34.       
04/07/1934
Government of India Resolution of 1934 on Communal Representation of Minorities in the Services including Scheduled Castes
35.       
02/08/1935
Scheduled Castes as defined 1 of the Government of India Act 1935 did not have any religious connotations.
26 GEO 5. Ch. 2. Section 26.-(1) In the foregoing provisions of this Schedule the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them, that is to say :-
" The scheduled castes" means such castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes, being castes, races, tribes, parts or groups which appear to His Majesty in Council to correspond to the classes of persons formerly known as " the depressed classes", as His Majesty in Council may specify; and
19. In the foregoing provisions of this Schedule the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them, that is to say,-
……." the scheduled castes " have the same meanings respectively as they have in Part I of the First Schedule to this Act ;
36.       
13/10/1935
Yeola Conversion Conference
He advised the Depressed Classes to abandon all agitation for temple-entry privileges; instead, they should leave Hinduism entirely and embrace another religion. He vowed, "I solemnly assure you that I will not die as a Hindu."
 “Though, I was born a Hindu, I solemnly assure you that I will not die as a Hindu”
Ambedkar was a great supporter of women's liberation. He blamed the verna system, which has not only subjugated Dalits but also women. He questioned Manu Smriti (Laws of Manu), the law book (Dharam-Shastra) of Brahminic Hinduism and attributed to Manu, the legendary first man and lawgiver. Manu Smriti prescribed the Dharma of each Hindu, stating the obligations attached to his or her social class and stage of life. It was hostile to the interest of lower caste people and women. It prohibited re-marriage of widows. He felt that Manu Smriti was solely responsible for the downfall of Hindu women. He encouraged the Dalits to embrace Buddhism to liberate their own selves from Hindu subjugation. Hence he fought for the right to choose ones' faith. After embracing Buddhism, Ambedkar said, "Unfortunately for me I was born a Hindu Untouchable... I solemnly assure you I will not die as a Hindu." He practiced what he advocated and became a Buddhist in 1956.
37.       
30/04/1936
This classification was later clarified in “The Government of India (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1936 which contained a list, or “schedule,” of scheduled castes throughout the British provinces.
WHEREAS by certain provisions in the 1st, 5th & 6th Schedules to the Govt. of India Act, 1935, His Majesty in Council is empowered to specify the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribe which are to be treated as the Scheduled Castes for the purposes of those Schedules:
Subject to the provisions of this order, for the purposes of the First, Fifth and Sixth Schedules to the Government of India Act, 1935, the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes specified in Parts I to IX of the Schedule to this Order shall, in the Provinces to which those Parts respectively relate, be deemed to be scheduled castes so far as regards members thereof resident in the localities specified in relation to them respectively in those parts of that Schedule.
It was in the Government of India (Scheduled castes) Order 1936 AND NOT in the Government of India Act 1935 that the definitions of Scheduled castes were restrictive to Indian Christian, Buddhist and tribal religions. However, the Order was not restrictive for Muslims or “Other” religions. 
“3. Notwithstanding anything in the last preceding paragraph—
(a) No Indian Christian shall be deemed to a member of a Scheduled Caste;
(b) In Bengal no person who professes Buddhism or a tribal religion shall be deemed to be a member of any Scheduled Caste;
and if any question should arise as to whether any particular person does or does not profess Buddhism or a tribal religion, that question shall be determined according to the answers which he may make, in the prescribed manner to such question as may be prescribed”.
38.       
30/05/1936
“Why go for conversion?” speech by B R Ambedkar at Mahar convention in Mumbai, where Ambedkar declares that untouchables are not Hindus and have a right to Conversion. “Untouchables are not Hindus. What is there in conversion, which can be called novel? Really speaking what sort of social relations have you with the caste Hindus at present? You are as separate from the Hindus as Muslims and Christians are. So is their relation with you. Your society and that of the Hindus are two distinct groups”.
39.       
1938
Over Dr. Ambedkar's vigorous protests, in January Congress adopted Gandhi's own term "Harijans" ("Children of God") as the official name for the "scheduled castes." In protest against a term that he considered condescending and meaningless, Dr. Ambedkar and his party staged a walkout from the Bombay Legislative Assembly. Dr. Ambedkar made a number of significant speeches to the Assembly, 1938-1939.
40.       
1940
Celibacy and experiments with celibacy (Bramhacharya). In the 1940s, in his mid-seventies, he brought his grandniece Manubehn to sleep naked in his bed as part of a spiritual experiment in which Gandhi could test himself as a "brahmachari." Several other young women and girls also sometimes shared his bed as part of his experiments. Gandhi discussed his experiment with friends and relations; most disagreed and the experiment ceased in 1947.
41.       
18/07/1942
All-India Scheduled Castes Conference held in the city of Nagpur on the 18th and 19th July 1942.
The following Resolutions which were passed at the All-India Scheduled Castes Conference held in the city of Nagpur on the 18th and 19th July 1942 :-
Resolution No. II
CONSENT ESSENTIAL TO CONSTITUTION
"This Conference declares that no constitution will be acceptable to the Scheduled Castes unless,
(i)  it has the consent of the Scheduled Castes,
(ii) it recognises the fact that the Scheduled Castes are distinct and separate from the Hindus and constitute an important element in the national life of India
42.       
11/08/1943
Government of India Resolution of 1943 on Representation of the Scheduled Castes in the Services. Government of India. In pursuance of the undertaking given in the Central Legislative Assembly in 1942, the Government of India have carefully reviewed the policy which they have followed since 1934 in regard to the representation of Depressed Classes, since described in the Government of India Act, 1935 as 'Scheduled Castes', in services under their administrative control. In their Resolution No. F. 14/17-B/33, dated the 4th July 1934, the Government of India stated that in the then state of general education among these classes they did not consider that any useful purpose would be served by reserving for them a definite percentage of vacancies. In order, however, to secure fair representation for Scheduled Castes they directed that duly qualified members of these classes might be nominated to a public service even though recruitment to that service was being made by competition. Various measures have been taken since then to secure increased representation of the Scheduled Castes in the public services.
43.       

Moonje Fascism Mussolini started B J P
44.       
08/1947
India has its share of minorities—generally defined in religious terms—though the Constitution does acknowledge the existence of linguistic minorities. Indeed the Constitution of India has taken the identification of Indian minority from the report prepared by the Advisory Committee on minorities submitted to the Constituent Assembly in August 1947. As the report records, till this stage, the seven minority communities as officially accepted were (1) Anglo-Indian; (2) Parsees; (3) Plain tribesman in Assam; (4) Indian Christians; (5) Sikhs; (6) Muslims; (7) Scheduled Caste.
45.       
08/1947
While the Constituent Assembly in the process of “practically unanimously” accepting the Report, K.M. Munshi cunningly convinced the floor into approving an amendment to the Report. This ardent Brahmin leader asked for a seemingly innocent amendment: To (a) delete Scheduled Castes from the list of the minorities, (b) include the following addition, “I-A: The section of the Hindu Community referred to as Scheduled Castes as defined 1 of the Government of India Act 1935, shall have the same rights and benefits, which are herein provided for minorities specified in the Schedule to para 1.”
46.       

However, K M Munshi shows his true colours in the statement.
"The Egypt of the Pharaohs, the Greece of Pericles, the Iran of Darius and the Rome of the Caesar are all dead; their life and culture are mere materials for scholarly research. But India has stood the shocks of time. Manu, Buddha, Panini, Bhasa and Kautilya are still living influences operating on life; Sri Krishna's exhortation to Arjuna still inspires the thought, hope and conduct of millions."
47.       
30/01/1948
Assassination of Mohandas K Gandhi by RSS ideologue Nathuram Godse
48.       
04/02/1948
Government of India imposes ban on fascist organization RSS “to root out the forces of hate and violence that are at work in our country and imperil the freedom of the nation and darken her fair name” and “The individual members of the RSS indulged in acts of violence involving arson, robbery, dacoity and murder and have collected illicit arms and ammunition. They have been found circulating leaflets exhorting people to resort to terrorist methods, to collect firearms, to create disaffection against the government”. 
49.       

Article 366: Definitions. "(24) “Scheduled Castes” means such castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within such castes, races or tribes as are deemed under article 341 to be Scheduled Castes for the purpose of the Constitution."
50.       

"Article 341: Scheduled Castes
(1) The President may with respect to any State or Union Territory and where it is a State after consultation with the Governor thereof, by public notification, specify the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Castes in relation to that State or Union Territory, as the case may be.
(2) Parliament may by-law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Castes specified in a notification issued under clause (1) any caste, race or tribe or part of or group within any caste, race or tribe, but save as aforesaid a notification issued under the said clause shall not be varied by any subsequent notification."
51.       
26/11/1949
The Constitution of India (including the preamble) is framed
52.       
10/08/1950
The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950 is passed as an Act of Parliament, whereby for Scheduled Caste reservation.
Published with the Ministry or Law Notification No.  S.R.O.  385,dated  the  10th August, 1950, Gazette of India, Extraordinary,  1950, Part  II, Section 3, page 163.
53.       


54.       
14/10/1956
Ambedkar had considered converting to Sikhism, which saw oppression as something to be fought against and which for that reason appealed also to other leaders of scheduled castes. He rejected the idea after meeting with leaders of the Sikh community and concluding that his conversion might result in him having what scholar Stephen P. Cohen describes as a "second-rate status" among Sikhs.
He studied Buddhism all his life, and around the 1950s, he turned his attention fully to Buddhism and travelled to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) to attend a meeting of the World Fellowship of Buddhists.  While dedicating a new Buddhist vihara near Pune, Ambedkar announced that he was writing a book on Buddhism, and that as soon as it was finished, he planned to make a formal conversion to Buddhism. Ambedkar twice visited Burma in 1954; the second time in order to attend the third conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in Rangoon. In 1955, he founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha, or the Buddhist Society of India. He completed his final work, The Buddha and His Dhamma, in 1956. It was published posthumously.
After meetings with the Sri Lankan Buddhist monk Hammalawa Saddhatissa, Ambedkar organised a formal public ceremony for himself and his supporters in Nagpur on 14 October 1956.
55.       
19/12/1975
G M Arumugam vs S Rajgopal & Others on 19 December 1975. Rajagopal lost the elections despite proving 12 new circumstances to be shown as Adi Dravida. Constitution (Scheduled Castes) order, Paras 2 and 3 Adi Dravida, converted to Christianity nd reconverted to Christianity. Code of Civil Procedure (Act 5 of 1908) s. 11- Res judicata. Decision about caste of a candidate in one election petition applies to next election.  This decision is taken despite the following: a) Despite being Invited to lay the foundation stone of wall of Adi Dravida temple of Jambakullam; b) Invited to preside over Adi Krittikai festival at Mariamman Temple in I, Post Office block, Marikuppam, KGF; c)Attending Scheduled Caste Conference at Skating Rink, Nundyroog Mine, KGF on 11 August 1968 with agenda of re-admitting Rajagopal in the fold of Adi Dravida Caste; d) Despite Purificatory ceremony done. Adimoolam (RW1) confessed in court that there are both Hindus and Christians amongst Adi Dravidas;and that there are inter-marriages.G M Arumugam himself was an amorous man with two wives. 
56.       
1956
Subs.   by  the  Scheduled  Castes  and  Scheduled  Tribes  Lists
(Modification)  Order, 1956. “SIKH”
57.       
1956
Subs by Act 63 of 1956, s.  3 and First Sch., for paragraph 3.
58.       
20/07/1968
The first Law Commission was appointed by the government of Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu on 20th July 1968 in pursuant to the government resolution dated 18.07.1968 to examine the Portuguese Laws in force in Goa, Daman and Diu and to repeal the same wherever necessary by undertaking suitable legislation.
59.       
1976
Subs.  by Act 108 of 1976, s.  3 and First Sch., for paragraph  4
(w.e.f.  27-7-1977)
60.       

Subs.  by Act 18 of 1987, s.  19 and First Sch., for "XXI" (w.e.f.
30-5-1987)
61.       
1990
Subs.  by Act 15 of 1990, s.  2, for "or the Sikh".   “BUDDhIST”
62.       
1992
Adopted by consensus in 1992, the United Nations Minorities Declaration in its article 1 refers to minorities as based on national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity, and provides that States should protect their existence.
63.       
2000
Subs. by  Act 28 of  2000 , s.  19 and Third Sch.  (w.e.f.  1.11.2000)
64.       
2000
Subs.by Act 29 of 2000,  s. 24 and Fifth Sch. (w.e.f.  9.11.2000)
65.       
April 2014
Congress Party promises to make Scheduled Caste Acts religion neutral including Dalit Christians and Dalit Muslims